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Water Management





“Water is a dealmaker for the Sustainable Development Goals and the health and prosperity of people and planet.”

Why Sustainable Water Management?


Ground Water and Surface Water 

There is no food security without water security. Water is indispensable to produce food, but small-scale farmers increasingly struggle to access the water they need to grow crops and feed animals, leading to human suffering, migration and conflict.”

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About 3.2 billion people are living in agricultural areas with high to very high water shortages or scarcity. Of these, 1.2 billion people – roughly one-sixth of the world’s population – live in severely water-constrained agricultural areas. While small-scale farmers produce one-third of the world’s food and up to 70 per cent of food made in developing countries, they increasingly face water challenges due to climate change. Since 2000, the number of droughts has increased by 29 per cent.


Population growth causes increased water demand, a key driver of water scarcity.

Access to water(rain/ groundwater/ surface water/ soil moisture) for growing crops is a significant challenge. The balance between irrigated and rain-fed crops is a major challenge in rural areas. Due to increased bore wells and indiscriminate use of groundwater, the groundwater table is declining. There is a 30% increase in bore well drilling in our project areas.


Common land degradation is also one of the significant problems of water scarcity. This is because commons are vital in hydrological processes impacting localized precipitation, runoff and soil erosion.

The solution is to make the best use of every drop of water. Small water infrastructure, better soil and water management, and natural solutions such as agro-forestry can go a long way in ensuring small-scale farmers have the water they need

​Drinking water 

 Traditionally, the community relied on community borewells for drinking water. The available water, however, has a high fluoride level. Most families purchase drinking water from private suppliers in our project area, paying more money. Drinking water needs a reliable RO system. So RO plants are required to provide quality drinking water for families.

During grazing on common land, livestock faces severe water shortages, especially in the summer. Consequently, livestock-dependent communities migrate to places with more reliable water supplies.

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We must ensure access to safe and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all and protect and restore water-related ecosystems. We must also promote sustainable and equitable water resource use.

The Framework

Since 2000, Jana Jagruti has been implementing various water management interventions through participatory approaches, benefiting the communities immensely. These interventions have had a lasting impact on the communities leading to increased water availability and better water management practices. Additionally, the communities are empowered to take ownership of the water resources to involve in the decision-making process.

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  • In situ soil and moisture conservation measures - Various in-situ soil moisture conservation measures like bunding, conservation furrows, deep ploughing, ploughing across slopes, trenching, etc., are being implemented, especially on rainfed farms where moisture is essential in the crop root zone,

  • Social Regulations in Water Management - By adopting social regulations, community-based organizations will participate in participatory groundwater management. The decision-making process is more effective, especially when women are involved.

  • Water sharing through Networking of Bore wells - Borewell networking mechanisms will be implemented by establishing a pipeline connecting 5-10 borewells. Farmers can share surplus water from one borewell with another, which produces less water, thereby increasing water availability and allowing more area to be irrigated.

  • Crop Water Budget - To carry out this exercise, local communities gather to estimate the available water within a village through a participatory approach. They will decide on crop planning based on water availability and adopt water-saving practices like Drip, Sprinklers, Rain guns, etc.

  • Critical Irrigation Support - Moisture stress is common in dryland crops, especially during critical growth stages of the crops. Using drum kits and a shared bore well mechanism, and life-saving irrigations will be given to crops in prolonged drought spells.

  • Safe drinking Water - Various water conservation structures can be built on common lands, such as cattle ponds and tubs for livestock water needs. RO plants can be established in clusters of villages that face fluoride issues.

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